When vs While

When we want to describe or talk about situations when an action happened in the middle of another longer action, we should follow the following rules:
When + subject + simple past tense +subject2 + past Continuous
Or
Subject + past progressive + when + subject2 + simple past
James was listening to the BBC News when Harina phoned.
Point to be noted:- simple past tense is used for the new action.
Here phoned=new action
Ketty was playing when her father came.
He was singing when I got up.
I was watering the plant the snack bit me.
While:
While is used to indicate the two actions that happened at the same time in the past. In that case, we should apply the following rules.
Subject1 + Past progressive + while + subject2 + past progressive
Or
While + subject1 + Past progressive + subject2 + Past progressive

While Hena was watching tv, his mother was cooking
Nadia was dancing while Sherilyn was Facebooking.

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